Iran has been making antitank warheads since 1988 at least (first version of the Toofan, second version in 2000), and I show these weapons need nuclear fission to work. See here for confirmation of the ability to dig deep underground with France (the “Superdeep Kola Borehole” is known since long ago – this is an example with French underground nuclear tests in the Kerguelen, in a pattern matching precisely the development of a new nuclear warheads, in an area with no volcanic activity) – my point is that all major countries do nuclear tests underground by digging more than 10 kms so that the CTBTO does not officially confirm it is a nuclear test (“because no human has ever dig so deep underground, do you understand ?”).
My previous version of this article on Iran pointed to an area that happens to have a volcanic history. Hence it is not possible to discriminate (because magma formation creates earthquakes dominated by P waves, like underground nuclear tests), even though it may be tempting for a power willing to take the risk of digging there to better hide their tests. However, other earthquakes in the past in Iran have all the characteristics we seek (not very deep, dominated by P waves, no volcanic activity in the area, i.e. far from any mountain that could be a volcano).
A very good example : in a flat area near Iranshahr where the only rocks around are ophiolitic (no magma formation) : yet P waves only, 15 km depth :
Same area, a bit more to the west :
It is simply impossible to have volcanic activity in that flat area with no magmatic rock nearby.
Here is one where you can see the epicenter is in a highly desertic area with nothing like a mountain around. A bit more debatable because there still is some magmatic formations around yet suspicious.
The first case is the 2003 quake of Magnitude 6.6, 10 kms below the ground, this time near Bam, a very flat city. No EMS-CSEM data yet the waveform is obvious, it’s an underground explosion (no S waves, just the ground shaking up and down) and this is far from any mountain where magma could be in formation (in the flat plains, a bit south of Bam, yet far (+ 15 kms) from the mountains that emerge more to the south and where the magma formations are). Also, it is very unusual for this area to have so powerful tremors. It is simply a non-sense to have a volcanic tremor here, and the depth of the quake was limited to 10 kms. The ONLY explanation is an underground nuclear blast. Very powerful, since the magnitude is so high. Megatonic. Likely a big useless bomb, “Iranian tsar bomba” first, to frighten diplomatic services. Miniaturization later. But since 2003 that’s a lot of time to miniaturize a bomb and it’s certainly much more powerful than the 10 kt allegated by Netanyahu on April 30 2018.
And another more than suspicious place, the “NWIP” area in the geological map above, where I find for instance this more-than-clear case :
And this one nearby :
An Iranian nuclear scientist who said he had worked in the Iranian nuclear programme pointed to the north of the Ormuz strait for another bomb (2011 article by Israeli newspaper Arutz Sheva) which is another non-volcanic place where indeed P-waves without S-waves means nothing else than an underground nuclear test.
The Washington Post in this article quotes a CIA memo saying the Iranian nuclear programme “was halted in 2003”. The memo is from 2007. I do not find any test between 2003 and 2007 so this matches.